Immigration to Germany: important information you need to know
In sharp contrast with some other European countries, Germany supports the immigration of skilled workers. Since 2005, it has applied for permanent residence permits for all highly skilled workers instead of providing them with five-year introductory visas as before. In fact, the German Immigration Law and its regulatory rules were revised in 2005 to address the shortage of highly skilled workers, IT or scientific research personnel in the vast majority of countries.
Family members of German residents who hold a visa and have sufficient skills can legally apply for a work permit. This also applies to close family members who later want to reunite with their German family.
Foreign PhD students who graduated from German universities can stay in the country for 18 months after graduation. Students with a degree deemed valid from a university outside of Germany can stay on a job visa for a maximum of 6 months.
Businessmen who can invest about 250,000 euros and create jobs through their initiatives can also apply for a permanent residence visa in Germany.
Since Germany is also a member of the Schengen Agreement, holders of Schengen visas can stay and travel freely in Germany. However, this applies to the member states of this agreement.
Entrepreneurship visas are granted to people who need the experience and services in Germany. If your investment can have a positive impact on the German economy, or if you have enough funds (at least 250,000 euros) to start your business, then there is a good chance of obtaining a business visa.
Business visa holders have the same rights as all other German citizens. It is not allowed to mention or prove that the German employee or guarantor obtained this visa. There is a three-year gestation period after the establishment of a company in Germany. Once the company is established within these three years, the founder can obtain an unlimited residence permit so that he/she can stay or enter Germany at any time.
Spouse and child visa
People who are married to German citizens get the same rights as their married permanent citizens, which means that if their spouse is allowed to work, foreigners who are married can also stay and work in the country.
If both parents (and the parent guarding the child) hold permanent residence permits, children under the age of 16 can live in Germany. Minors over the age of 16 can also be reunited with their parents in Germany, provided they speak German. This also applies to children who move to Germany, whose parents or parents with guardianship have permanent residence permits in the country.
In Germany, same-sex communities enjoy the same rights as heterosexuals, and their treatment in Germany is the same as that of married couples.
German Van der Elster visa
‘van der Elst’ decided to point out that EEA companies do not need to obtain additional work permits in Europe. Although many countries in the European Economic Area do not allow this decision to take effect; Germany accepts it.
In addition, all non-EEA employees who have lived in the EEA as an employer or service provider for more than 12 months do not need to obtain an additional work permit as long as they apply for a “Vander Elster visa”.
Permanent residence in Germany
No separate residence and work visas are required to stay and work in Germany. Employees should only apply for visas for residents, and they will automatically get a work permit to work in the country.
Legal residents of the United States, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland and other designated countries mentioned in the 2005 Immigration Law can apply for residence and work permits when visiting Germany. Residents of other countries must apply to the German embassy or consulate before entering Germany.
German immigration application process
Step 1: Potential immigrants must complete the residence permit application and also provide opportunities to enter the labor market. It should be received by the German embassy in the home country of the possible immigrant.
Step 2: The embassy sends this application to the immigration office called Auslaenderbehoerde on the spot to provide work for potential immigrants. The Immigration Department will now work with an employment service agency called Arbeitsamt to review applications for locations chosen by potential immigrants and make decisions.
Step 3: After the application is approved, the embassy will provide entry visas to the candidates.
Step 4: After arriving in the country, immigrants and their family members can apply to the local foreign national authorities for work and residence permits.
A student applying for a visa
1. The basic requirement for a student visa is to be admitted to a German university. The student visa allows potential students to enter Germany to take the entrance exam and meet many other requirements related to the university application process. The initial student visa is valid for three months, but it can be extended if there are valid and applicable requirements.
2. After being admitted to a German university, students can apply for a student visa at the German embassy in their home country. The verification certificate provided by a registered and valid German university must also be attached to the application form.
3. The German Embassy will then give its opinion to the immigration authorities of the designated city or university.
4. If the foreign authorities approve the application, the German embassy will issue a visa to enter Germany.
Vacationers who want to work in Germany
German working holiday visas are offered to young people aged 18-30 from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan. These visa holders can stay in Germany for up to 12 months and apply for vacation work not exceeding 90 days to obtain travel assistance. Working holiday visas can be obtained through the local German embassy.